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Macrobius, Commentarii in Ciceronis Somnium Scipionis

British Library


Contents: ff. 1r-49r: Macrobius (b. c 370, d. c 435), Commentarii in Ciceronis Somnium Scipionis (Commentary on Cicero's Dream of Scipio ), preceded by a prologue (ff. 1r-3r), beginning: 'Cum in Africam venissem A Manlio consule ad quartam legionem tribunus ut scitis militum'. Book 1 (ff. 3v-29v), beginning: 'Inter Platonis et Ciceronis libros quos de Re Publica uterque constituit'; Book 2 (ff. 30r-49r), beginning: 'Superiore commentario, Eustathi luce mihi dilectior fili', ending: 'quo universa philosophie continetur integritas'. Decoration: A decorated initial 'C'(um) in red and green with interlace decoration and a rubric in red and green capitals. A large marginal drawing with colour wash in red, green and brown. Diagrams in the margins with colour wash in red and green. Small initials in red and green, line-fillers in red. Some letters have been highlighted in red. The subjects of the diagrams are as follows: f. 8r: A triangular-shaped diagram showing odd and even numbers especially the number 8 (the first even number that has a cube root) and 27 (the first odd number that has a cube root); f. 8v: A circular diagram of the four elements linked to the humours, in red, green and yellow; f. 26v: Circular diagrams related to the equinox; f. 27r: A circular diagram showing the link between the zodiac signs and the movable spheres; f. 29v: A circular diagram depicting the earth surrounded by the atmosphere and showing how the rain falls; f. 32r: A robed female figure representing the world soul above a diatessaron or diagram of musical harmonies; f. 35r: A circular diagram of the five zones of the earth according to temperature; f. 36v: A circular diagram demonstrating Virgil and Cicero's theories on the zones of the earth; f. 38v: A circular diagram showing the habitable zones of the earth; f. 49r: Three circular diagrams of the eclipses of the sun and the moon; f. 49v: An unfinished circular diagram of an eclipse and an unfinished table.
Provenienza: Northwestern France.
Data approssimativa: 1st half of the 12th century