Linux Journal was a monthly technology magazine published by Belltown Media, Inc. (Houston, Texas). It focused specifically on Linux, allowing the content to be a highly specialized source of information for open source enthusiasts. Linux Journal was the first magazine to be published about the Linux kernel and operating systems based on it. It was established in 1994. The first issue was published in March 1994 by Phil Hughes and Bob Young, co-founder of Red Hat, and featured an interview with Linux creator Linus Torvalds. The publication's last print edition was August 2011, issue 208. Beginning with the September 2011 issue, issue 209, the magazine transitioned to publishing monthly in digital-only formats including various desktop, mobile, and e-pub platforms. In early July 2014 it was revealed that the NSA's XKeyscore program targeted readers of Linux Journal as part of targeting people interested in the Linux distribution Tails. On December 1, 2017 Linux Journal ceased publication, with the byline "EOF It looks like we’re at the end, folks. If all goes according to a plan we’d rather not have, the November issue of Linux Journal was our last.